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Image from page 155 of "Chambers's encyclopædia; a dictionary of universal knowledge" (1868)

Image from page 155 of
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Identifier: chamberssencyclo05lond
Title: Chambers's encyclopædia; a dictionary of universal knowledge
Year: 1868 (1860s)
Authors:
Subjects: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Publisher: London : W. & R. Chambers
Contributing Library: University of California Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive


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ofseveral very different plants, agreeing in theirpeppery character, and in being the produce of thewest of Africa. The name MAL-^firEiTA (Malagheta,ileleguetta, &c.) Pepper is generally to be regardedas equivalent with Guinea Pepper, and is at presenta frequent designation of Grains of Paradise (q. v.);but the capsules or dry berries of Capsicum frutes-cens (see C.u»siccm) are commonly sold by druggistsunder the name Guinea Pepper; whilst both thenames Guinea Pepper and Malagueta Pepper havebeen apphed to the dried fruit of Cubeba Clusii (seeCuBEBS), and to the seeds of Ilahzelia (or Xylopia)yElhiopica, a shrub of the natural order Anoyiaceae.This last was at one time a considerable article ofexport from Guinea, and was sometimes calledEthiopian Pepper. It is now seldom even heardof. It is an aromatic and not extremelj pungentcondiment.—There is great difficulty in determiningwhich of these kinds is meant in manj instances inwhich the term Guinea Pepper or ^lalagueta Pepper140

Text Appearing After Image:
is employed by the older writers ; yet, from theimportance of the trade in this article, the nameGrain Coast was given to a great tract of land inthe Bight of Benin, and to it the establishment ofthe settlements of Grand Bassa and Cape Palm as isdue. Up to the close of the 18th c, Guinea Peppercontinued in request, when the peppers of the Eastdrove it from the market. GUINEA-PIG. See Cavy. GUINEA-WORM, known also as FilariaMedinensis, or F. Di-acuncuhis, is a parasitic animalthat seems to have been kno^vn from the earliesttimes. Plutarch, in his Symposiacon (Table-talk),quotes a passage fromthe geographer and phil-osopher Agatharchides ofCnidus, who Uved in thesecond century before ourera, which seems clearlyto refer to this worm;and it has been argued■R-ith great plausibilitythat the fiery serpents which attacked the Israel-ites in the desert were inreality Guinea or ^Medinaworms. This view ofthe fiery serpents waspropounded by Bartholinin his Commentary, andKiichenmeister, one ofo


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Date: 2014-07-30 02:29:49

bookid:chamberssencyclo05lond bookyear:1868 bookdecade:1860 bookcentury:1800 booksubject:Encyclopedias_and_dictionaries bookpublisher:London___W____R__Chambers bookcontributor:University_of_California_Libraries booksponsor:Internet_Archive bookleafnumber:155 bookcollection:cdl bookcollection:americana

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